Prosecco Superiore territory
The area where the Valdobbiadene Prosecco Superiore DOCG is produced is the DOCG Conegliano Valdobbiadene that includes 15 districts, elected European city of the wine in 2016. The Valdobbiadene area is in Treviso province, 50 km from Venice, in the hill district captured in Giorgione and Cima da Conegliano’s paintings, right in between the Dolomites and the Adriatic Sea. Its special location guarantees a unique and almost magic combination thanks to its microclimate, with clear positive effects on the quality of the grapes. The hills where the grapevines grow are put in order from east to west and have a side facing south where the vineyard benefits from the sun exposure (while the north side is occupied by woods).The altitudes range from 150 m to 4-500 m, guaranteeing the right temperature range and a good ventilation, while the slanted and usually clayey ground prevents the standing water, which the Glera’s grapes don’t like. This soil has an ancient origin that goes back millions of years and the lifting of the seabed. Then, a portion of the hills has been reshaped by the dolomite glaciers, that brought the sediments downriver. The resulting soils are deep, composed of a conglomeration of rock and sand with a lot of clay and sometimes iron. Where the glacier did not have an effect on, the soils kept their marine origin, composed of sandstones, less deep and more filtering. This causes the existence of different soils and different composition of the hills, softerin the Conegliano and Fellettano area, and more steep and completely facing south in the Valdobbiadene area.
This fine wine produced in the Valdobbiadene area, the Valdobbiadene Prosecco Superiore DOCG represents the best prosecco in the whole DOCG area, distinguishing itself for the quality related to the hill district of origin (including the Cartizze area) and to the specific microclimate, with its not so cold winters and not so warm summers, in fact the Venetian noblemen liked to spend the summer in the hills in order to escape the heat and the humidity of the lagoon areas and the Valdobbiadene hills were their favorite destination.